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1.  Review Article
Comparison of Various Treatment Modalities of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy
Pramya Nanjundan
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:23-26] [No of Hits : 635]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0005 | FREE

ABSTRACT

More than a quarter of the world’s population is anemic, with about one half of the burden from iron deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when iron deficiency is severe enough to diminish erythropoiesis and cause the development of anemia. The prevention and treatment of iron deficiency is a major public health goal especially in women, children, and individuals from low-income countries.

Keywords: Chelated iron, Ferrous iron salts, Oral iron supplementation, Parenteral iron.

How to cite this article: Nanjundan P. Comparison of Various Treatment Modalities of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pregnancy. World J Anemia 2017;1(1):23-26.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  Review Article
Anemia in Adolescence
Vimee Bindra
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:18-19] [No of Hits : 450]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0003 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Adolescent anemia is a global health problem. Prevalence of anemia in girls in India is estimated to be around 56%. Various risk groups are prone to anemia and it leads to long-term consequences. Government has launched national programs to fight adolescent anemia by identifying high-risk groups, supplementing with iron and folic acid tablets and raising awareness about the nutritional anemia.

Keywords: Adolescence, Anemia, Iron deficiency.

How to cite this article: Bindra V. Anemia in Adolescence. World J Anemia 2017;1(1):18-19.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  Review Article
Thalassemia and its Management during Pregnancy
Richa Saxena, Tania Banerjee, Rohit B Aniyery
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:5-17] [No of Hits : 441]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Thalassemia, also known as Mediterranean anemia, can be considered as the most common monogenetic disease prevailing all across the world. This disorder involves production of abnormal amounts of hemoglobin in the body, which poses a significant burden on the health and economic status of the patients as well as their families. Generally, patients with the thalassemia trait have a normal life expectancy, but individuals with beta thalassemia major mostly die from cardiac complications due to iron overload by the time they reach 30 years of age. Each year, nearly 70,000 babies are born with thalassemia worldwide. Conventional treatment procedures available (e.g., lifelong red blood cell transfusion, iron chelation therapy, and splenectomy) have levied high expenses on the health-care systems.
Thalassemia during pregnancy could be associated with significant complications to the mother as well as her fetus. Therefore, universal antenatal screening for thalassemia carriers should be implemented in populations having a high prevalence of this condition. In order to improve survival among children born with thalassemia, there is a requirement for combined treatment and prevention program during pregnancy. Preconception genetic counseling is strongly advised for all patients with thalassemia. Among the high-risk parents, the most important method for diagnosis of thalassemia is invasive prenatal diagnosis. Following a standard management plan and close monitoring of the maternal and fetal condition during pregnancy helps in considerably reducing the mortality and morbidity associated with this condition.
Novel treatment approaches are recently being developed to correct the resulting α/β globin chain imbalance, in an effort to move beyond the palliative management of this disease and tackle the exact genetic defect involved in its pathogenesis. Three methods for medical treatment of thalassemia have been envisioned: fetal globin gene renaissance by pharmacological compounds being injected into patients, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and gene therapy. These medical strategies can be considered as the best options prevailing now and are currently under research and clinical studies.

Keywords: α-thalassemia, β-thalassemia, Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, Gene therapy, Iron chelation, Pregnancy management, Splenectomy, Thalassemia

How to cite this article: Saxena R, Banerjee T, Aniyery RB. Thalassemia and its Management during Pregnancy. World J Anemia 2017;1(1):5-17.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  Original Article
Impact of Anemia on Menstruation and Academic Performance of Adolescent Girls attending Secondary Schools of Rural Wardha District
Rufina Binoy, Neema Acharya
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:1-4] [No of Hits : 264]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0001 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In this research, we hope to understand the effect of anemia on the various menstrual parameters and disorders and on the academic performance of adolescent girls attending secondary schools of rural Wardha.

Materials and methods: Questionnaires were prepared and distributed to the female students who came to attend the adolescent clinic in Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi, India, for health checkup. Their hemoglobin was estimated and recorded in their respective questionnaires. Questionnaires were designed to understand in the best way possible the effects of anemia on the menstrual health and academic life of the adolescent girls.

Results: The results revealed a remarkable correlation between the grades of anemia and poor menstrual health; a similar result was seen in case of academic performance as well. It also threw light on the prevalence of anemia, which was recorded as 80% in this study, though most students had only mild grade anemia.

Conclusion: The results of the study revealed that there was a significant relation between anemia and the menstrual parameters and academic performance of the adolescent girls. This study could prove helpful for future researches which aim to provide better quality of life for adolescent girls in terms of general and menstrual health.

Keywords: Academics, Adolescent, Anemia, Menstruation, Rural.

How to cite this article: Binoy R, Acharya N. Impact of Anemia on Menstruation and Academic Performance of Adolescent Girls attending Secondary Schools of Rural Wardha District. World J Anemia 2017;1(1):1-4.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
5.  Review Article
Intravenous Iron Sucrose
KS Kavitha Gautham
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:20-22] [No of Hits : 206]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Iron deficiency is a major worldwide health problem. There is recent evidence that anemia is the last manifestation of the syndrome. Advances in outlining the physiology of iron deficiency have been made; gaps remain in the current understanding. While oral iron supplement remains the mainstay, some indications for intravenous (IV) administration have developed. In this review, we will highlight the indications and prerequisites of IV iron therapy, dosage, safety, and method of administration.

Keywords: Dose calculation, Intravenous iron preparations, Iron sucrose, Intravenous iron therapy.

How to cite this article: Gautham KSK. Intravenous Iron Sucrose. World J Anemia 2017;1(1):20-22.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  Quiz
Quiz Questions on Anemia
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:69-70] [No of Hits : 178]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Anemia, the commonest blood disorder still poorly understood, is prevalent from newborn, to adolescents, in pregnancy, and till menopause! A small quiz may give some answers.

 
7.  Review Article
Fetal Intrauterine Transfusion
Amitha Indersen
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:27-29] [No of Hits : 134]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0006 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Fetal anemia is a recognizable and treatable condition. It requires identification of the etiology to plan a comprehensive treatment strategy. Fetal blood transfusions help tide over crisis and avert fetal cardiovascular decompensation or deterioration due to the anemia. Based on the cause and the fetal condition, the timing and requirement for transfusion are determined. At present, noninvasive monitoring with fetal middle cerebral arterial Doppler peak systolic velocity is the standard for monitoring and diagnosis of fetal anemia.

Keywords: Anemia, Fetal, Intrauterine, Middle cerebral arterial peak systolic velocity, Transfusion.

How to cite this article: Indersen A. Fetal Intrauterine Transfusion. World J Anemia 2017;1(1):27-29.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  Editorial 1
Editorial 1
MB Agarwal
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:vi-vii] [No of Hits : 93]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Anemia is a condition in which there is a deficiency of red cells or hemoglobin in the blood, resulting in pallor and weakness. According to the World Health Organization report, anemia affects 1.62 billion people, which corresponds to 24.8% of the world population. The highest prevalence is in preschool-age children and the lowest prevalence is amongst men. However, the population group with the greatest number of individuals affected is non-pregnant women.

 
9.  Editorial 2
Why Anemia Journal?
Narendra Malhotra, Seema Pandey, Jaideep Malhotra
[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volume:1 ] [Number:1] [Pages:29] [Pages No:viii-ix] [No of Hits : 75]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Investment in nutrition is crucial to future efforts to improve the health of women, children, and adolescents; the potential human, societal, and economic gains from such investment are substantial.

 
10.  Review Article
Orofacial Manifestations associated with Anemia
Shreya Gupta, Subhash Gupta, Neeti Swarup, Harita Sairam, Nidhi Sinha, Suresh S Nair
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:1 ] [Number:2] [Pages:39] [Pages No:44-47] [No of Hits : 5]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10065-0010 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Oral cavity is the window to the body and is often the area where systemic disease first presents itself. The various tissues including lips, tongue, gingiva, mucosal surfaces, dentition, and bone are involved in the presentation of disease state. The most frequently affected is the periodontium, followed by the oral mucous membrane and the periapical inflammations. The review is not all inclusive; however, it does address some of the most common, as well as a few of the more rare anemia-associated disease states observed in both adults and children.

Keywords: Cheilosis, Congenital hypoplastic anemia, Depapillation, Fanconi anemia, Glossitis, Megaloblastic anemia, Oral lesions, Vitamin B12.

How to cite this article: Gupta S, Gupta S, Swarup N, Sairam H, Sinha N, Nair SS. Orofacial Manifestations associated with Anemia. World J Anemia 2017;1(2):44-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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